The Viper is a car marketed by the Chrysler Corporation since 1992. It was branded as a Dodge from 1992 to 2011. From 2012 to 2014 it was branded as SRT (Street and Racing Technology) before becoming a Dodge again in light of the brand's centennial.
The Viper was designed as a modern Shelby Cobra. Its bodystyle greatly resembles that of the Cobra, particularly the Daytona coupe. It was designed for GT racing, and is named after a snake. The Viper was also designed by Carrol Shelby himself. Incidentally, the Viper uses an eight liter ten cylinder whereas the Cobra used a seven liter V8.
The Viper has been successful in GT racing since its first introduction. In 1999, branded as a Chrysler, the Viper became the first official American car to win the 24 Hours of Nurburg. That same year, the Viper became the first American GT car to win its class in the American Le Mans Series Petit Le Mans, also winning GT overall regardless of class. The Viper has been used in IMSA and SCCA events.
For the 2014 Six Hours of Watkins Glen, the Viper was branded as a Dodge for the first time since 2011 in tribute to the successful 1999-2001 Oreca team from the American Le Mans Series, complete with identical livery. Dodge was also tributing its hundredth anniversary at the time. The team retained the livery throughout the rest of the season.
Video Gaming Edit
Racing video game Forza Motorsport 5 features Viper as a separate brand for the recent SRT models. The older Vipers are still listed under Dodge, however. In Forza Motorsport 4, an SCCA World Challenge Viper is one of only two cars from the series in the game.